Category Archives: Article

FERC Order No. 792 (Part 3 of 3): Adoption by States

FERC Order No. 792 is a major update to the standardized generator interconnection rules found in the pro forma Small Generator Interconnection Procedures (SGIP) and Small Generator Interconnection Agreement (SGIA). The SGIP and SGIA, created by FERC in Order No. 2006, have largely standardized the generator interconnection process. The updates to the SGIP and SGIA in Order No. 792 are major benefits to distributed generation, especially small solar and energy storage. This article is the last in a three-part series on Order No. 792. Part 1 described how the order helps new solar PV projects. Part 2 described how energy … Continue reading

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FERC Order No. 792 (Part 2 of 3): Benefits for Energy Storage

FERC Order No. 792 is a major update to the standardized generator interconnection rules found in the pro forma Small Generator Interconnection Procedures (SGIP) and Small Generator Interconnection Agreement (SGIA). The SGIP and SGIA, created by FERC in Order No. 2006, have largely standardized the generator interconnection process. The updates to the SGIP and SGIA in Order No. 792 are major benefits to distributed generation, especially small solar and energy storage. This article is the second in a three-part series on Order No. 792. Part 1 described how the order helps new solar PV projects. Part 2 describes how energy … Continue reading

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FERC Order No. 792 (Part 1 of 3): Gains for Solar PV Fast Track Interconnections

FERC Order No. 792 is a major update to the pro forma Small Generator Interconnection Procedures (SGIP) and Small Generator Interconnection Agreement (SGIA). The SGIP and SGIA were created by FERC Order No. 2006 and are components of transmission providers’ OATTs. Distributed generation, especially small solar and energy storage, are the major beneficiaries of Order No. 792. This article is the first in a three-part series on Order No. 792. Part 1 describes how the order helps new solar PV projects. Part 2 will describe how energy storage benefits from the order. Part 3 will discuss potential state adoption of … Continue reading

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Opportunities and Challenges for Portland General Electric’s Salem Smart Power Project

Opportunities and Challenges for Portland General Electric’s Salem Smart Power Project (SSPP): an evaluation of the SSPP’s potential system benefits, cost-effectiveness, and market participation Mark Osborn[1] • Jil Heimensen • Ken Kaufmann • Jeff Lovinger • Erik Lovro • Charles von Reis June 2013 Note: This research paper was prepared as part of the “Smart Grid for Sustainable Communities” course at Portland State University. This paper anticipated  FERC’s issuance of new rules on ancillary services and energy storage in Docket Nos. RM11-24-000 and AD10-13-000. After the completion of this paper and before its publication here, FERC did indeed issue new rules in … Continue reading

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Benefits (and Pitfalls) of Sharing Qualifying Facility Interconnections

Benefits (and Pitfalls) of Sharing Qualifying Facility Interconnections by Ken Kaufmann, Partner, and Charles von Reis, Senior Associate, Lovinger Kaufmann LLP[1] September 2012   I.  Introduction Much of the wind and solar generation under development in the western United States is built and operated by private energy companies who contract to sell their output as qualifying facilities (QFs) to an electric utility pursuant to the Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA).[2]  These new generators naturally cluster in areas with favorable sun and wind conditions, often in remote areas with little existing electrical infrastructure.  Solar and wind resources often … Continue reading

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Federal Power Act cross-reference

FULL TEXT of the Federal Power Act with parallel FPA and U.S.C. section numbering The above link contains the full text of the Federal Power Act (FPA) with parallel citations to United States Code (U.S.C.) sections. We have compiled this page to facilitate the study of the FPA and cross-referencing between FPA section numbering and U.S.C. section numbering.

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Slides from Partner Ken Kaufmann’s EUCI presentation on PURPA

Ken Kaufmann, partner of Lovinger Kaufmann LLP, instructed in the June 5, 2012 presentation hosted by Electric Utility Consultants, Inc. (EUCI).  The webcast “Utilizing PURPA in Today’s Deregulated Wholesale Market” provided a brief history of the evolution of PURPA, described how PURPA can help states influence the type of electric utility resources purchased by investor owned utilities, looked at the benefits and risks of continued reliance on PURPA, and discussed ways PURPA might be reformed at the state level. Slides from the presentation are available here .

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